MelanieN alt: /* American period */

American period


← Previous revision Revision as of 14:56, 31 March 2022
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[[File:Alonzo Horton.jpg|thumb|left|upright=0.7|alt=Oval, black and white shoulder-height portrait of a man in his forties or fifties, slightly balding wearing a suit|The namesake of [[Horton Plaza and Broadway Fountain|Horton Plaza]], [[Alonzo Horton]] developed “New Town,” which became [[Downtown San Diego]].]]
[[File:Alonzo Horton.jpg|thumb|left|upright=0.7|alt=Oval, black and white shoulder-height portrait of a man in his forties or fifties, slightly balding wearing a suit|The namesake of [[Horton Plaza and Broadway Fountain|Horton Plaza]], [[Alonzo Horton]] developed “New Town,” which became [[Downtown San Diego]].]]
The state of California was admitted to the United States in 1850. That same year San Diego has designated the seat of the newly established County of San Diego and was incorporated as a city. [[Joshua H. Bean]], the last alcalde of San Diego, was elected the first mayor. Two years later the city was bankrupt;<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sandiego.gov/city-clerk/aboutus/history.shtml|title=A History of San Diego Government|work=Office of the City Clerk|publisher=City of San Diego|access-date=May 27, 2014}}</ref> the California legislature revoked the city’s charter and placed it under control of a board of trustees, where it remained until 1889. A city charter was reestablished in 1889, and today’s city charter was adopted in 1931.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sandiego.gov/city-clerk/officialdocs/legisdocs/charter.shtml |title=City of San Diego website |publisher=Sandiego.gov |access-date=July 1, 2010}}</ref>
The state of California was admitted to the United States in 1850. That same year San Diego was designated the seat of the newly established County of San Diego and was incorporated as a city. [[Joshua H. Bean]], the last alcalde of San Diego, was elected the first mayor. Two years later the city was bankrupt;<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sandiego.gov/city-clerk/aboutus/history.shtml|title=A History of San Diego Government|work=Office of the City Clerk|publisher=City of San Diego|access-date=May 27, 2014}}</ref> the California legislature revoked the city’s charter and placed it under control of a board of trustees, where it remained until 1889. A city charter was reestablished in 1889, and today’s city charter was adopted in 1931.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sandiego.gov/city-clerk/officialdocs/legisdocs/charter.shtml |title=City of San Diego website |publisher=Sandiego.gov |access-date=July 1, 2010}}</ref>
The original town of San Diego was located at the foot of Presidio Hill, in the area which is now [[Old Town San Diego State Historic Park]]. The location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water at its port at [[La Playa, San Diego|La Playa]]. In 1850, [[William Heath Davis]] promoted a new development by the bay shore called “New San Diego”, several miles south of the original settlement; however, for several decades the new development consisted only of a pier, a few houses and an Army depot for the support of [[Fort Yuma]]. After 1854, the fort became supplied by sea and by [[Steamboats of the Colorado River|steamboats on the Colorado River]] and the depot fell into disuse. From 1857 to 1860, San Diego became the western terminus of the [[San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line]], the earliest overland [[stagecoach]] and mail operation from the [[Eastern United States]] to California, coming from [[Texas]] through [[New Mexico Territory]] in less than 30 days.<ref name = “Pierce”>Basil C. Pearce, [http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/1969/april/jackass/ “The Jackass Mail—San Antonio and San Diego Mail Line”], ”San Diego Historical Society Quarterly”, Spring 1969, Volume 15, Number 2</ref>
The original town of San Diego was located at the foot of Presidio Hill, in the area which is now [[Old Town San Diego State Historic Park]]. The location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water at its port at [[La Playa, San Diego|La Playa]]. In 1850, [[William Heath Davis]] promoted a new development by the bay shore called “New San Diego”, several miles south of the original settlement; however, for several decades the new development consisted only of a pier, a few houses and an Army depot for the support of [[Fort Yuma]]. After 1854, the fort became supplied by sea and by [[Steamboats of the Colorado River|steamboats on the Colorado River]] and the depot fell into disuse. From 1857 to 1860, San Diego became the western terminus of the [[San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line]], the earliest overland [[stagecoach]] and mail operation from the [[Eastern United States]] to California, coming from [[Texas]] through [[New Mexico Territory]] in less than 30 days.<ref name = “Pierce”>Basil C. Pearce, [http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/1969/april/jackass/ “The Jackass Mail—San Antonio and San Diego Mail Line”], ”San Diego Historical Society Quarterly”, Spring 1969, Volume 15, Number 2</ref>

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