2600:8801:1301:1900:8FB5:E46F:D7A5:8E56 at 09:57, 6 August 2022


← Previous revision Revision as of 09:57, 6 August 2022
Line 159: Line 159:
Historically home to the [[Kumeyaay people]], San Diego is frequently referred to as the “Birthplace of California”, as it was the first site visited and settled by Europeans on what is now the [[West Coast of the United States]].<ref>{{cite book|last=McGrew|first=Clarence Alan|url=https://archive.org/details/citysandiegoand00socigoog|title=City of San Diego and San Diego County: the birthplace of California|publisher=American Historical Society|year=1922|access-date=July 23, 2011}}</ref> Upon landing in [[San Diego Bay]] in 1542, [[Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo]] claimed the area for [[Spain]], forming the basis for the settlement of [[Alta California]] 200 years later. The [[Presidio of San Diego|Presidio]] and [[Mission San Diego de Alcalá]], founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly declared [[First Mexican Empire|Mexican Empire]], which reformed as the [[First Mexican Republic]] two years later. California became part of the United States in 1848 following the [[Mexican–American War]] and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850.
Historically home to the [[Kumeyaay people]], San Diego is frequently referred to as the “Birthplace of California”, as it was the first site visited and settled by Europeans on what is now the [[West Coast of the United States]].<ref>{{cite book|last=McGrew|first=Clarence Alan|url=https://archive.org/details/citysandiegoand00socigoog|title=City of San Diego and San Diego County: the birthplace of California|publisher=American Historical Society|year=1922|access-date=July 23, 2011}}</ref> Upon landing in [[San Diego Bay]] in 1542, [[Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo]] claimed the area for [[Spain]], forming the basis for the settlement of [[Alta California]] 200 years later. The [[Presidio of San Diego|Presidio]] and [[Mission San Diego de Alcalá]], founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of the newly declared [[First Mexican Empire|Mexican Empire]], which reformed as the [[First Mexican Republic]] two years later. California became part of the United States in 1848 following the [[Mexican–American War]] and was admitted to the union as a state in 1850.
San Diego’s main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, research, and manufacturing. The city is the economic center of the [[San Diego–Tijuana]] [[conurbation]], the second most populous [[transborder agglomeration|transborder metropolitan area]] in the [[Western Hemisphere|western hemisphere]] (after [[Detroit–Windsor]]), home to an estimated 4,922,723 people as of 2012.<ref>{{cite book|url=http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-2&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&va=&pt=a|title=America: metropolitan areas|publisher=World Gazetteer|year=2011|access-date=February 19, 2012|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070930223100/http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-2&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&va=&pt=a|archive-date=September 30, 2007|url-status=dead}}</ref> The primary border crossing between San Diego and [[Tijuana]], the [[San Ysidro Port of Entry]], is the busiest international land border crossing in the world outside of [[Asia]] ([[Border checkpoint#Busiest checkpoints in the world|fourth-busiest]] overall). The city’s primary airport, [[San Diego International Airport]], is the busiest single-[[runway]] airport in the world.{{efn|[[Gatwick Airport|London-Gatwick]] and [[Mumbai International Airport|Mumbai International]], which both handle slightly more traffic, each have two operational runways, though only one can be used at a time because of aircraft separation requirements (leading to these airports frequently being misleadingly referred to as “single-runway airports”).}}<ref>{{Cite web|date=2017-11-20|title=San Diego Int’l Airport will dig up the runway every night for a year|url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/growth-development/sd-fi-airport-runway-digging-project-20171120-story.html|access-date=2021-01-26|website=San Diego Union-Tribune|language=en-US}}</ref>
San Diego’s main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, research, and manufacturing. The city is the economic center of the [[San Diego–Tijuana]] [[conurbation]], the second most populous [[transborder agglomeration|transborder metropolitan area]] in the [[Western Hemisphere|western hemisphere]] (after [[Detroit–Windsor]]), home to an estimated 4,922,723 people as of 2012.<ref>{{cite book|url=http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-2&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&va=&pt=a|title=America: metropolitan areas|publisher=World Gazetteer|year=2011|access-date=February 19, 2012|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070930223100/http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-2&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&va=&pt=a|archive-date=September 30, 2007|url-status=dead}}</ref> The primary border crossing between San Diego and [[Tijuana]], the [[San Ysidro Port of Entry]], is the busiest international land border crossing in the world outside of [[Asia]] ([[Border checkpoint#Busiest checkpoints in the world|fourth-busiest]] overall). The city’s airport, [[San Diego International Airport]], is the busiest single-[[runway]] airport in the world.{{efn|[[Gatwick Airport|London-Gatwick]] and [[Mumbai International Airport|Mumbai International]], which both handle more traffic, each have two operational runways, though only one can be used at a time because of aircraft separation requirements (leading to these airports frequently being misleadingly referred to as “single-runway airports”).}}<ref>{{Cite web|date=2017-11-20|title=San Diego Int’l Airport will dig up the runway every night for a year|url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/growth-development/sd-fi-airport-runway-digging-project-20171120-story.html|access-date=2021-01-26|website=San Diego Union-Tribune|language=en-US}}</ref>
==History==
==History==

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *